Marks on North Korean leader Kim Jong-un’s wrist suggests he could have had heart surgery, say medical experts.
The despot made his first alleged public appearance for 20 days yesterday when he cut the ribbon at the opening of a fertiliser factory in Sunchon, according to state media.
Medical experts have assessed video footage of the visit and claim marks on Kim’s arms show he has had a ‘cardiovascular procedure’, US-funded NK News reported.
The dictator was seen smiling and talking to aides at the ceremony and also touring the plant, but the authenticity of the photos could not be verified.
Medical experts have assessed video footage of the visit and claim marks on North Korean leader Kim Jong-un’s arms (pictured) show he has had a ‘cardiovascular procedure’, US-funded NK News reported
He was accompanied by several senior North Korean officials including his younger sister Kim Yo Jong, Korean Central News Agency said.
What appeared to be needle marks could be seen on his wrists while he rode in a golf cart that looked a lot like the one he used in 2014, when he returned to the public eye with a cane after some time away.
Asked about the KCNA report, US President Donald Trump said: ‘I’d rather not comment on it yet. We’ll have something to say about it at the appropriate time.’
The despot (pictured with his younger sister Kim Yo Jong) cut the ribbon at the opening of a fertiliser factory in Sunchon, state media reported, and released pictures supposedly showing the event
When Kim last appeared in public on April 11 (pictured) he did not have any marks on his wrists
This image released by Korean Central News Agency supposedly shows Kim Jong-Un (centre) attending the ceremony next to his sister (pictured third from left) and other senior officials on Friday
Kim ‘attended the ceremony’ on Friday and ‘all participants broke into thunderous cheers of ‘hurrah!’ when he appeared, the Korean Central News Agency said. Pictured is an image shared by the agency on Saturday
This picture from state media supposedly shows the mass celebrations as Kim opened the fertiliser factory in Sunchon
Kim (pictured) expressed satisfaction about the production system of the fertiliser factory, saying the plant made significant contribution for the progress of the country’s chemical industry and food production, KCNA said
Speculation about Kim’s health has been rife after he missed the birth anniversary celebrations of state founder Kim Il Sung on April 15.
The day is a major holiday in North Korea and Kim as leader usually pays a visit to the mausoleum where his grandfather lies in state.
Kim Jong-Un’s last known movements
April 11 – The dictator presides over a meeting of the ruling Workers’ Party committee of policymakers. His most recent public appearance
April 15 – Kim is absent from celebrations for North Korea’s founding father and Kim’s grandfather, Kim Il Sung
April 21 – First reports surface claiming the dictator has received heart surgery from South Korean-based publication Daily NK
April 23 – Kim’s private train is spotted near his holiday resort in Wonsan on satellite images. It is at a station reserved for use by the Kim family, prompting rumours that he has travelled to the destination
April 23 – Chinese doctors reportedly arrive in North Korea around this time to treat the dictator. China is yet to confirm or deny the reports
May 1 – Pictures emerge of the dictator apparently at a fertiliser factory in Sunchon with his sister
He last made a public appearance on April 11 attending a meeting of the ruling Workers’ Party politburo.
Kim has not been seen with marks on his wrists before.
Following his absence from the anniversary, a South Korean news outlet specialising on the North reported Kim was recovering after undergoing a cardiovascular procedure.
A flurry of other unconfirmed reports about his condition and his whereabouts followed including from vice director of Hong Kong Satellite Television Shijian Xingzou who claimed he was dead. Officials in South Korea and the US were sceptical.
The former top US diplomat for East Asia Daniel Russel said the pieces of the puzzle of Kim’s disappearance would take time to assemble.
His reappearance showed authoritative information about the well-being and whereabouts of a North Korean leader were very closely guarded, and rumours about him needed to be regarded with considerable skepticism, Russel said.
The rumours had, however, served to focus attention on North Korea’s succession plan, which ‘in a monarchical and cult-like dictatorship is filled with risk, and the absence of a designated adult heir compounds that risk many times over,’ Russel said.
Earlier, a source familiar with US intelligence analyses and reporting said US agencies believed Kim was not ill and remained very much in power.
‘We think he’s still in charge,’ the source said on condition of anonymity. The source could not immediately confirm the KCNA report. The State Department did not immediately respond to requests for comment.
Experts have suggested that Kim’s sister Kim Yo-jong (pictured together in Pyongyang in September 2018) could be in line to succeed her brother if necessary
South Korean Unification Minister Kim Yeon-chul, who oversees engagement with Pyongyang, said it was plausible Kim was absent as a precaution over the coronavirus pandemic, in view of the stringent steps taken to head off an outbreak in the country.
Harry Kazianis, senior director of Korean studies at the Center for the National Interest think tank in Washington, said this still could be the case.
He said: ‘The most likely explanation for Kim’s absence is with North Korea declaring the coronavirus pandemic an existential threat… he most likely was taking steps to ensure his health or may have been impacted in some way personally by the virus.’
In his appearance at the fertiliser factory, Kim expressed satisfaction about the production system and said the plant made a significant contribution to the progress of the country’s chemical industry and food production, KCNA said.
Memes surfaced across social media in the West today in response to the report that the dictator has been out and about.
One said ‘Kim Jong-Un with the best comeback of 2020’, while another posted a picture comparing the dictator to the wrestler the Undertaker. A man wrote ‘so Kim Jong-Un is alive and well’ above a picture of Spiderman looking unsure.
While another added ‘North Korean state media release photo of Kim Jong-Un’ with a picture a man being held up by two others.
Memes surfaced across social media in the West on Friday in response to the report that the North Korean dictator has been spotted
The news appears to fly in the face of a report earlier on Friday from a North Korean defector claiming he was ’99 per cent sure’ Kim was dead.
The defector said Kim’s sister Kim Yo-jong was in line to succeed her brother but said the secretive state was ‘grappling with a complicated succession issue’. State-controlled media in North Korea had not provided any definitive proof Kim was alive.
But there was a sign of life earlier on Friday as Daily NK reported the regime had issued a directive signed by Kim himself, the first in two weeks.
Ji, a defector who was elected to the South’s parliament earlier this year, is the latest to suggest Kim might have died after heart surgery.
‘I’ve wondered how long he could have endured after cardiovascular surgery. I’ve been informed that Kim died last weekend,’ he said.
‘It is not 100 per cent certain, but I can say the possibility is 99 per cent. North Korea is believed to be grappling with a complicated succession issue.’
Senior party and government officials celebrate the 108th anniversary of founder Kim Il-Sung’s birth in Pyongyang on April 15 – a ceremony which Kim Jong-un inexplicably missed
Pyongyang has never made any succession plans public, but experts say Kim’s sister has been the most visible presence around the dictator in recent years.
She was named an alternate member of the ruling Workers’ Party’s powerful Central Committee Politburo last month.
North Korea is the world’s most secretive country and reports about Kim and his family, including the suggestion he recently had heart surgery, are nearly impossible to verify.
But other defectors have cast doubt on whether such sensitive information would ever leak out from Kim’s inner circle.
Some defectors say their relatives in North Korea did not know Kim had been missing from public view for three weeks.
One said people had been talking about Kim’s whereabouts in very private circles after he failed to appear at the ruling party showpiece on April 15.
Kim’s unprecedented absence from the Day of the Sun ceremony honouring his grandfather prompted the major speculation about his welfare.
Defector Lee Soon-hee said: ‘I talked to my sister and my niece this morning and they had no clue about these reports and rumours about Kim Jong Un’s health.
‘When I told them, they were so cautious about discussing it. North Koreans have a very limited knowledge of these things.’ Lee defected to the South in 2009.
A 250-metre-long train belonging to the dictator has been spotted near to his Wonsan holiday compound as recently as Thursday in satellite photos
North Koreans are keenly aware they could face punishment for discussing the Kim family, said Sokeel Park, of Liberty in North Korea, a group that works with defectors.
He said: ‘That doesn’t mean people don’t take that risk, some people do. But it’s still a super sensitive issue. It’s a little like the pope not showing up for Christmas,’ he said of Kim’s absence from the April 15 celebrations.
South Korean officials say they have not detected any ‘unusual movements’ north of the demilitarised zone.
The South’s minister in charge of North Korean affairs said on Tuesday fear of coronavirus could have kept Kim away from the April 15 ceremony.
President Trump said yesterday: ‘I understand what is going on, I cannot just talk about him right now, just hoping that everything will be fine. But I do understand the situation very well’.
Japanese prime minister Shinzo Abe has said he was aware of reports on Kim’s health and was paying close attention to developments.
Still, experts said it was strange North Korea had not quickly release a picture of a healthy-looking Kim if there was no truth to the rumours.
Official media has not provided any verifiable proof of life since April 11, other than reporting he had sent messages to North Korean workers and to South Africa’s president Cyril Ramaphosa and the pictures of him in Sunchon.
Who could take over the reigns of power from Kim Jong-Un when he dies?
Kim Yo-jong, dictator’s sister
The dictator’s sister has been widely tipped as a likely successor. However, much about her remains a mystery.
‘Among the North’s power elite, she has the highest chance to inherit power, and I think that is possibly more than 90 per cent,’ an analyst told the Associated Press.
Her age is unclear, though she’s believed to be in her 30s and a few year’s younger than her 36-year-old brother.
She’s kept a low profile, only making her first public statement last month in which she mocked South Korea as a ‘frightened dog barking’ after the country protested against a live fire military exercise.
She also has a reputation for aggressively pushing North Korean propaganda and, in 2017, was blacklisted by the US Treaasury Department.
Ri Pyong-chol, top general and related to Kim’s wife
The general has also been listed as a possible successor.
As supervisor of the country’s ballistic missile program, he has the credentials to command the military, the ultimate power-brokers inside the country.
He is also seen as a credible heir to Kim Jong Un’s ambitions, and could be regarded as offering a balance between the hard-liners and Kim dynasty.
He also holds a high position in the Worker’s Party of Korea.
Other possible successors include Ri Yong-ho, foreign minister, Kim Yong-chol, top diplomat, and No Kwang-chol, defence minister.
Another defector-turned-politician, Thae Yong-ho, warned only a small handful of people would know the full story.
He also cautioned clues about Kim’s whereabouts – such as an apparent sighting of his personal train in the city of Wonsan – could be deliberate diversion tactics.
Pyongyang officials know the train can be seen from satellites and have previously sent it around the country to confuse outsiders, Thae said.
The sighting of the train was followed by further satellite images from Wonsan showing boats often used by Kim and his entourage.
North Korea has never announced who would succeed Kim Jong Un in the event he is incapacitated and with no details known about his young children, analysts say his sister and loyalists could form a regency until a successor is old enough to take over.
Each change at the top in North Korea has raised the prospect of a leadership vacuum or collapse of the Kim dynasty, which has ruled the country since its founding in 1948.
So far, each of the three Kims to rule North Korea has defied expectations, holding on to power with an iron grip.
But under Kim Jong Un, North Korea’s arsenal of nuclear weapons and ballistic missiles has grown substantially, raising concerns over who would control them.
In the event of any leadership transition, Kim Jong Un’s younger sister Kim Yo Jong is likely to play a central part.
In the past two years, Yo Jong has risen quickly through North Korea’s leadership hierarchy, serving officially as a vice director of the Workers’ Party’s powerful Central Committee, but also unofficially as her brother’s chief of staff.
Kim Yo Jong, who is believed to be 31, has a firm control of key party functions, setting herself to be the main source of power behind a collective leadership.
She has regularly been observed at her brother’s side, leading South Korean Media to dub her the ‘Ivanka Trump of North Korea’.
‘Kim Yo Jong will be for the time being the main power base with control of the organisation and guidance department, the judiciary and public security,’ said Cho Han-bum of the Korea Institute for National Unification, a government-funded think-tank in Seoul.
Still, relatively little is known of of Kim Yo Jong. The dictator’s younger sibling has routinely kept a low profile, having only made her first public statement last month, in which she mocked South Korea as being a ‘frightening dog barking’, for opposing a live-fire military demonstration.
But sources say Yo Jong’s work behind the scenes suggests she would rule with the same iron-fist as her predecessors, should she be announced leader, temporarily or otherwise.
Along with several other North Korean officials, Kim Yo Jong was blacklisted by the US Treasury Department for ‘severe human rights abuses’ in 2017.
She also incurred a reputation for her aggressive propaganda pushing, regarded a one of the main officials who worked to enact ‘rigid censorship policies and conceals its inhumane and oppressive behavior’.
‘Among the North’s power elite, Kim Yo Jong has the highest chance to inherit power, and I think that possibility is more than 90 per cent,’ an analyst said.
Yo Jong first began working in the ruling party in 2007, but in the last few years she has ‘gotten a lot more serious’ about the role she’s playing, government consultant Michael Madden told the New Yorker.
‘When you see footage of her on the receiving lines, she is smiling, a nice friendly young woman, but when she is out of those lines, the smile vanishes and she even looks like Kim Jong Il,’ Madden remarked.
Should she be announced as ruler, Yo Jong would become North Korea’s first female leader since her Grandfather Kim Il-Sung founded the nation in 1948.
North Korea has never announced who would succeed Kim Jong Un in the event he is incapacitated, and with no details known about his young children, analysts say his sister (above) and loyalists could form a regency until a successor is old enough to take over
North Korean leader Kim Jong Un, center right, his wife Ri Sol Ju, right, Chinese President Xi Jinping, centre left, and his wife Peng Liyuan taken on June 20, 2019
In the event of Kim Jong Un’s death, party Elders Choe Ryong Hae and Pak Pong Ju would likely find themselves at Yo Jong’s side, helping to weather any leadership storm.
Ryong Hae was announced as North Korea’s nominal head of state last when he rose to become president of the Presidium of the Supreme People’s Assembly, following decades of service within the party for the ruing Kim family.
Choe and Pak Pong Ju, a fellow politburo member and former state premier who oversaw the North’s push to introduce more free-market functions to revive its economy, are likely to be the figureheads leading a collective leadership, analysts say.
Unlikely to emerge as a major presence is Kim Jong Un’s estranged older brother, Kim Jong Chol, who has not been a part of the country’s leadership instead opting for a quite life away from politics playing music.
Though according to North Korea’s former deputy ambassador in London, who has since defected to the South, Jong Chol does maintain ties with his siblings and could play a more public role in any contingency plans.
Kim Jong Un is believed to have three children with Ri Sol Ju, the youngest born in 2017, according to the South’s National Intelligence Service.
The oldest is a 10-year-old son, meaning any of the three would need the assistance of their relatives or political guardians if they were to become a fourth-generation hereditary leader.
Kim Jong Il had been groomed for 20 years to lead the country, while Kim Jong Un had just over a year to prepare, due to his father’s sudden death from a heart attack.
Go Myong-hyun, a research fellow at the Asian Institute for Policy Studies in Seoul, said: ‘Kim Yo Jong is unlikely to take over the helm but could help build a caretaker regime as a power broker until the kids grow up, and Kim Jong Chol might return to help for a while.’
South Korean people watch a TV broadcasting a news report on North Korean leader Kim Jong Un in Seoul, South Korea, April 21. China has dispatched a team to North Korea including medical experts to advise on North Korean leader Kim Jong Un, according to three people familiar with the situation
This is not the first time Kim has disappeared from the public eye. In 2014, Kim was not seen for 40 days, before he reemerged appearing to walk with a limp and using a cane, after he reportedly suffered from an ankle problem.
His father Kim Jong-il disappeared from view for months in 2008, prompting speculation that he had a stroke. A French doctor later confirmed the reports, and the then leader died three years later.
But North Korea’s ruling elite have vanished from the spotlight before prompting rumors of their death only to re-emerge seemingly unscathed.
In 2015 it was claimed by a North Korean defector Kim ordered his own aunt to be killed by poison. The aunt, Kim Kyong-hui, re-appeared smiling in January.
A delegation led by a senior member of the Chinese Communist Party’s International Liaison Department left Beijing for North Korea last month, two of the people said. The department is the main Chinese body dealing with neighbouring North Korea.
Daily NK, a Seoul-based website, reported earlier last month Kim was recovering after undergoing a cardiovascular procedure on April 12. It cited one unnamed source in North Korea.
South Korean government officials and a Chinese official with the Liaison Department challenged subsequent reports suggesting Kim was in grave danger after surgery. South Korean officials said they had detected no signs of unusual activity in North Korea.
North Korea is one of the world’s most isolated and secretive countries, and the health of its leaders is treated as a matter of state security. Reuters has not been able to independently confirm any details on Kim’s whereabouts or condition.
North Korea’s state media last reported on Kim’s whereabouts when he presided over a meeting on April 11. State media did not report he was in attendance at an event to mark the birthday of his grandfather – an important anniversary in North Korea.
US President Donald Trump and North Korea’s leader Kim Jong-un stand on North Korean soil while walking to South Korea in the Demilitarized Zone on June 30, 2019
North Korean leader Kim Jong Un pictured on December 4, 2019. The trip by the Chinese doctors and officials comes amid conflicting reports about the health of the North Korean leader
North Korean leader Kim Jong Un walks with his wife Ri Sol Ju at Pyongyang Station in Pyongyang, North Korea, in January last year. An official familiar with US intelligence said Kim was known to have health problems but they had no reason to conclude he was seriously ill or unable eventually to reappear in public
Kim, believed to be 36, has disappeared from coverage in North Korean state media before. In 2014, he vanished for more than a month and North Korean state TV later showed him walking with a limp.
Speculation about his health has been fanned by his heavy smoking, apparent weight gain since taking power and family history of cardiovascular problems.
When Kim Jong Un’s father Kim Jong Il suffered a stroke in 2008, South Korean media reported at the time that Chinese doctors were involved in his treatment along with French physicians.
Last year, Chinese President Xi Jinping made the first state visit in 14 years by a Chinese leader to North Korea, an impoverished state that depends on Beijing for economic and diplomatic support.
China is North Korea’s chief ally and the economic lifeline for a country hard-hit by U.N. sanctions, and has a keen interest in the stability of the country with which it shares a long, porous border.
Kim is a third-generation hereditary leader who came to power after his father Kim Jong Il died in 2011 from a heart attack. He has visited China four times since 2018.
Trump held unprecedented summits with Kim in 2018 and 2019 as part of a bid to persuade him to give up North Korea’s nuclear arsenal.
‘The North Korean version of Undertaker’: Internet reacts to claims Kim Jong-un is alive after photos of dictator are released for the first time in 20 days following rumours he had died
Twitter users rejoiced following the return to public life of North Korean despot Kim Jong-un.
Several reports from the hermit state suggested Kim, who is believed to be in his late 30s, could have undergone major surgery or even possibly died.
He had not been seen in public since April 11 and missed the national celebrations for his grandfather and founder of North Korea, Kim Il Sung on April 15.
One twitter user posted a publicity shot from the 1989 buddy movie Weekend at Bernie’s which involves two friends carrying around body of their dead boss pretending he was still alive
Another comedy fan used a Simpsons meme where a patient’s condition is upgraded from ‘dead’ to ‘alive’ after being transferred to a better hospital, while another used an image of WWE wrestler The Undertaker
However, North Korea’s state news agency KCNA released photographs of a smiling Kim inspecting a fertiliser plant outside Pyongyang.
The report said Kim cut a ribbon as the crowd ‘burst into thunderous cheers of ‘hurrah!’ for the Supreme Leader…’.
Twitter users questioned the authenticity of the photographs, with memes ripped from The Simpsons and Weekend at Bernies.
Kim was seen in photographs smiling and talking to aides at the ribbon-cutting ceremony and also touring the plant. The authenticity of the photos, published on the website of the official Rodong Sinmun newspaper, could not be verified.
Many in the large crowd of people, described as officials of the army, the ruling party and the community who worked on the project, were wearing face masks and standing some distance from the podium where Kim and his aides took part in the ceremony.
North Korea has not reported any cases of the coronavirus and has said it has been taking tough measures to prevent an outbreak. One reason for Kim’s absence has been the suggestion he may have been taking precautions against coronavirus.
Kim was accompanied by senior North Korean officials, including his younger sister Kim Yo Jong and top aides vice-chairman Pak Pong Ju of the State Affairs Commission and cabinet premier Kim Jae Ryong, and KCNA said.
This social media wag posted an image of a man in an iron lung which was previously used to treat patients suffering from tuberculosis
Kim Jong -un, pictured with his sister Kim Yo Jong, reportedly opened a fertiliser factory north of Pyongyang earlier this week. The images were released by North Korea’s news agency KCNA to stymie rumours that the dictator was incapacitated or even dead
Asked about the KCNA report on Kim, U.S. President Donald Trump said: ‘I’d rather not comment on it yet.’
‘We’ll have something to say about it at the appropriate time,’ he told reporters at the White House.
Speculation about Kim’s health has been rife after he missed the birth anniversary celebrations of state founder Kim Il Sung on April 15. The day is a major holiday in North Korea and Kim as leader usually pays a visit to the mausoleum where his grandfather lies in state.
He last made a public appearance on April 11 attending a meeting of the ruling Workers’ Party politburo.
Following his absence from the anniversary, a South Korean news outlet specialising on the North reported that Kim was recovering after undergoing a cardiovascular procedure. A flurry of other unconfirmed reports about his condition and his whereabouts followed.
Officials in South Korea and the United States expressed scepticism about the reports.
State TV footage on Saturday showed Kim’s leg movements appearing stiff and jerky and one of the images showed a green golf cart in the background, similar to one he used in 2014 after a lengthy public absence.